Current Affairs July 2017 - Economic
1 - GST Council cut tax rate on fertilizer to 5% from 12%
The GST Council has reduced the tax rate on fertilizer from previously decided 12% to 5%. Till June 30, taxes on fertilizers were in the range of 0-6% in different states.
The decision to reduce the tax rate on fertilizer was taken because of apprehensions that price of the crop nutrient may go up.
The GST Council also decided to cut tax rate on exclusive parts of tractors from 28% to 18%. The GST council did not reduce the rate of 18 per cent on crop protection chemicals.
2 - BHEL inked pact with KHI of Japan for manufacturing coaches for metro trains
Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd has entered into a technology collaboration agreement with Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd (KHI) of Japan for manufacturing of stainless steel coaches and bogies for metros.
The agreement covers establishing design, engineering and manufacturing facilities at BHEL using Japanese technology. It will also entitle BHEL for all technology advances and upgrades. BHEL supplies electric as well as diesel locomotives, EMUs, and propulsion systems for Indian Railways.
3 - Net income tax collection grew by 14.8% in first quarter
Net direct tax collection grew by 14.8% to 1.42 lakh crore rupees at the end of first quarter on account of surge in advance tax payments. Net direct tax collections represent 14.5% of the total Budget Estimates of 9.8 lakh crore rupees for Direct Taxes for 2017-18.
During April to June, the government also issued refunds to the tune of 55 thousand 520 crore rupees. This was, however, 5.2% lower than the refunds issued during the corresponding period last fiscal. The collection under Corporate Income Tax grew at 4.8% while the growth under Personal Income Tax including Securities Transaction Tax remained 12.9%.
4 - Direct Tax Collections up to June 2017 for FY 2017-2018 stood at Rs 142 Lakh crore
The provisional figures for Direct Tax collections up to June 2017 show that net collections are at Rs 1.42 lakh crore which is 14.8% higher than the net collections for the corresponding period of last year.
Net direct tax collections represent 14.5% of the total Budget Estimates of direct taxes for FY 2017-18 (Rs. 9.8 lakh crore).
An amount of Rs 58,783 crore has been received as Advance Tax up to 30th June, 2017 reflecting a growth of 11.9% over the Advance Tax payments of the corresponding period of last year.
5 - GST facilitation cell established to guide industry about GST regime
The Ministry of Food Processing Industries has established a four member GST Facilitation Cell to guide the industry about the new tax regime. The members of the GST Facilitation Cell can be accessed through Toll Free No 1800111175 or from http://www.mofpi.nic.in
The cell will be headed by Shri Bijaya Kumar Behera, Economic Advisor and Shri G Srinivasan, Shri S N Ahmed, Assistant Director, Shri Bikram Nath, Assistant Director as its Members. The Ministry is in the process of organising several programmes for the industry to sensitise associates about GST, conduct seminars to disseminate information about the new tax regime.
6 - No GST on free food supplied in Anna Kshetras
No GST will be applicable on such food supplied free. Further, prasadam supplied by religious places like temples, mosques, churches, gurudwaras, dargahs, etc. attracts Nil CGST and SGST or IGST.
However, some of the inputs and input services required for making prasadam would be subject to GST. These include sugar, vegetable edible oils, ghee, butter, service for transportation of these goods etc.
Under GST regime, it is difficult to prescribe a separate rate of tax for sugar, etc. when supplied for a particular purpose. Therefore, GST does not envisage end use based exemptions.
7 - Siemens to set up its first digital factory in India
Germany’s Siemens will provide smart facilities to small and medium-scale enterprises in India by setting up its digital factory for the first time in the country. Siemens is in view to set up factory in Mumbai to sell a range of plant automation equipment and software to Indian manufacturing units.
Siemens is already established in Germany and China and it aims to facilitate a variety of hardware and software products through its digital factory. Digital factory is one of the nine divisions at Siemens.
8 - Consumer Affairs Ministry announced MRP to be only price decider from Jan 1, 2018
Consumer Affairs Ministry announced that the Maximum Retail Price (MRP) inclusive of all taxes, will be the only price decider with effect from January 1, 2018.
According to amended rules, the price of a packaged good would no longer depend on the place from where it is purchased, be it a store, a mall, a five-star hotel or an airport, it has to be sold at one and only price.
Any vendor charging differential prices for the same product will have to face a new legal provision that ‘no person shall declare different MRPs on an identical pre-packed commodity’.
9 - India to import crude oil from US
It is for the first time that world's third-largest oil importer, India will import crude oil from the United States. US has been India’s largest arms provider.
The settlement took place in June, when PM Modi visited America and met with Trump. IOC has bought 2 million barrels of crude oil from North America, American Mars Crude and 4,00,000 Barrels from Western Canadian, which is expected to be delivered in October to India.
India has recently joined other Asian countries, to buy US crude oil. Other Asian countries are South Korea, Japan, China, Thailand, Australia and Taiwan.
10 - Government of India issued 2017-18 – Series II bond tranche
Government of India, in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India, has decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds 2017-18 – Series II.
The Bonds will be sold through banks, Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL), designated post offices and recognised stock exchanges viz., National Stock Exchange of India Limited and Bombay Stock Exchange.
The investors will be compensated at a fixed rate of 2.50% per annum. The minimum investment will be 1 gram of gold and maximum will not be more than 500 grams per person per fiscal year.
11 - Services provided by educational institution fully exempt from GST
The Union Government has clarified that services provided by an educational institution to students, faculty and staff are fully exempt from GST.
The Ministry said, there is no change in tax liability relating to education and related services in the GST, except reduction in tax rate on certain items of education.
It clarified that no GST will be on the annual subscription or fees charged as lodging and boarding charges by educational institutions from its students for hostel accommodation.
12 - India's GDP could rise to $8 trillion in 15 yrs: NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman
NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya has said, India's GDP could rise to about 8 trillion dollars over the next 15 years if the country registers an economic growth of 8% annually.
He said, with that level of economic growth, living standards and amenities that are taken for granted in the west will become accessible to a very large part of the population in India in the coming 15 years.
Mr Panagariya listed the big-item and big ticket reforms such as the Goods and Services Tax, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Act and the Aadhaar Act implemented by the government which would trigger the benefits in the economy.
13 - Kharif Crop sowing crosses 563 lakh hectare area
Kharif crops have been sown in over 563 lakh hectare as against 521 lakh hectare last year. It is nearly 42 lakh hectare more than last year figure.
Crop sowing data released by the Agriculture Ministry, reveals that the rice has been sown in over 125 lakh hectare which is about 5 lakh hectare more than the last year.
Over 74 lakh hectare area has been covered under the cultivation of pulses which is more than 14 lakh hectare of the sown area under the crop last year. The coarse cereals have been sown in over 113 lakh hectare, oilseeds in nearly 104 lakh hectare and cotton in over 90 lakh hectare.
14 - Export Facilities to MSMEs
The share/ contribution of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the exports of the country are as follows −
|Years||Share of Exports from MSME in India’s Total Exports|
15 - Key Steps by government to support MSME exports
The followings are the key steps taken by Government to give priority and provide other facilities to support MSME exports −
The Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS)
The Government also provides double weightage to exports of MSMEs for grant of one-star export house status under the Status Holder Recognition Scheme of the Foreign Trade Policy 2015-20.
The Government launched Interest Equalization Scheme on Pre and Post Shipment Rupee Export Credit w.e.f. 01.04.2015 for five years.
The Government introduced Special Advance Authorisation Scheme for export of articles of Apparel and Clothing Accessories w.e.f 1st September 2016.
The Government has implemented the Niryat Bandhu Scheme.
16 - e-wallet service Mobikwik partnered with Samsung Pay Mini
Indian e-wallet service provider Mobikwik has partnered with Samsung. It will be integrated into Samsung Pay Mini. Samsung Pay Mini users can pair their Mobikwik accounts in the near future with the service to pay at 1.4 million locations throughout India.
Samsung Pay, the mobile payments service of the world’s largest handset maker, was launched in India in March 2017. It allows users to just tap and pay using the debit/credit cards and wallets stored on their mobile devices.
17 - Five P Venture inks pact with Central Silk Board
Five P Venture India Private Ltd has inked an agreement with Central Silk Board (CSB) for development and commercialization of handloom silk products.
The MoU was signed at the first-ever mega trade fair for the textile sector organized by the Ministry of Textiles at Gandhinagar. It would help boost the eco-system of Chennimalai handloom cluster. It would also help revive the heritage skills of the handloom weavers in Chennimalai belt.
18 - India on track to grow at 7.4%: ADB
Asian Development Bank retained India's growth projection at 7.4%. The ADB said that implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) is expected to improve ease of doing business and facilitate growth in the medium term.
In a supplement to its Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2017 report, ADB revised the forecast for developing Asia from 5.7% earlier. For 2018, it was raised from 5.7% to 5.8 per cent. For India, it maintained the growth forecasts at 7.4% for 2017-18 and 7.6% for fiscal 2018-19.
19 - India to reclaim position as fastest growing global economy this year: Reuters poll
According to a Reuters Poll, India will reclaim its position as the fastest growing major global economy this year, partly propelled by benefits from a new tax system and bolstered by an expected central bank interest rate cut.
The median forecast from the poll of over 35 economists showed India's economy is expected to expand 7.3% in the fiscal year ending March 2018. While that is a downgrade from the previous poll's forecast of 7.5%, it is better than the International Monetary Fund's projection of 7.2%. It is also stronger than the poll predicting China’s growth by 6.6% in calendar year 2017.
20 - Google introduces recruiting app 'Hire' for businesses
Google has launched 'Hire', a recruiting app for small- and medium-sized businesses. The app would compete with Microsoft-owned LinkedIn. 'Hire' integrates seamlessly with G Suite apps like Gmail and Google Calendar.
With the introduction of Hire, customers now have a hiring app alongside G Suite’s familiar, easy-to-use tools that can help them run an efficient recruiting process. Businesses can also schedule interviews in Hire with visibility into an interviewer's schedule from Calendar.
21 - Reliance Industries Limited crossed market capitalization of Rs 5 lakh crore
Reliance Industries Limited crossed a market valuation of more than Rs 5 lakh crore, becoming the second Indian company after Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) to achieve this milestone.
The stock toppled Tata Consultancy Service (TCS) in terms of market-cap, gaining as much as 1.8%. The market cap of RIL stood at Rs 5,04,458.09 on BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange while that of TCS stood at Rs 4,58,605 crore.
The RIL stock has surged nearly 11% in July and over 41% year-to-date.
22 - Remittances from Abroad
As per the World Bank, India is the largest remittance receiving country in the world in 2016. Remittances received by top 4 countries in 2016 are given in table below −
As per the World Bank’s Migration and Development Brief 27 (April 2017), for the first time in recent history, remittance flows to developing countries registered a decline for two successive years.
India, the largest remittance-receiving country worldwide, led the fall with a decrease of 8.9% in remittance inflows. Low oil prices and weak economic growth in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries is one of the major reasons for the fall in remittances.
23 - Forex reserves at record high of USD 389.059 billion
India’s Foreign Exchange Reserves rose by USD 2.681 billion to touch a new life-time high of USD 389.059 billion in the week to July 14, helped by increase in Foreign Currency Assets (FCAs).
According to Reserve Bank of India data, FCAs, a major component of overall reserves, surged by USD 2.677 billion to USD 364.908 billion. The RBI data also showed that Gold reserves remained unchanged at USD 20.348 billion.
It stated that the special drawing rights with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) rose by USD 1.8 million to USD 1.479 billion. It also stated that country's reserve position with the IMF too increased by USD 2.7 million to USD 2.322 billion.
24 - NITI AAYOG stated that India likely to clock 7.5% growth this fiscal
NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya announced that India is likely to clock a 7.5% economic growth in the current fiscal and in New York, growth rate will begin to touch 8% in the last quarter of the current fiscal but the average for the year will be about 7.5%.
NITI AAYOG acknowledged the job creation in the country, especially at the lower, semi-skilled level, truly is the biggest challenge, probably bigger than growing at 8%. According to NITI Aayog, India's better performing sectors such as automobile, auto parts, engineering goods, and IT enabled services, are not very employment-intensive.
25 - IMF lowered forecasts for US, UK economic growth
International Monetary Fund lowered its forecasts for US and UK economic growth, following weaker than expected activity in the first three months.
IMF expects the UK to grow by 1.7% in 2017, compared with the 2%, it was previously forecasted. It said, the US will now grow 2.1%, as against the 2.3%, it was predicted in April. Its prediction that the global economy will grow by 3.5% in 2017, and 3.6% in 2018.
26 - Yatra acquired Air Travel Bureau
Yatra has acquired corporate travel service provider company Air Travel Bureau (ATB) for an undisclosed amount. It has entered into a definitive agreement through its subsidiary, Yatra Online Pvt, to acquire ATB.
Yatra will acquire all outstanding shares of ATB and assume its debt. ATB is India’s ‘largest corporate travel services provider’. It specializes in corporate travel management, MICE operations and leisure tourism. It has got gross bookings of Rs 1,500 crore and a client base of 400 companies in the country.
27 - Michael Kors bought Jimmy Choo for $1.2 Billion
Michael Kors Holdings Ltd., the luxury handbag maker, has agreed to acquire luxury shoe maker Jimmy Choo PLC for $1.17 billion in its first ever acquisition.
The acquisition will give Michael Kors a new avenue for international growth and a foothold in the luxury shoe market.
Jimmy Choo was started in 1996 by British Vogue editor Tamara Mellon and designer Jimmy Choo. Jimmy Choo has more than 150 stores around the world.
28 - Microsoft launched ‘Made for India’ Kaizala app
In a move by Microsoft to enhance the collaboration and communication experience for Indian enterprises, it launched a ‘Made for India’ app named as Kaizala app.
The App is a combination of messaging and digitally integrated modern workplace. App will allow users to interact with people within the organization as well as outside like partners and vendors in a seamless manner.
Since Kaizala app provide additional features of advanced reporting and analytics, group management controls etc., it is already used by organizations like YES Bank, Apollo Telemedicine, Republic TV etc.
29 - India's Foreign Exchange Reserves touch record high of USD 391.33 bn
India’s Foreign Exchange Reserves touched a new record high of USD 391.33 billion aided by increase in foreign Currency Assets (FCAs).
According to Reserve Bank of India data released, FCAs, a key component of overall reserves, surged by USD 2.24 billion to USD 367.15 billion, according to RBI data.
RBI data also showed that Gold reserves remained unchanged at USD 20.35 billion. The special drawing rights with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) went up by USD 12.1 million to USD 1.491 billion.
30 - Government collected more than ₹2.35 lakh crore as cesses in 2016-17
Government collected more than two lakh 35,000 crore rupees last fiscal by way of a host of cesses, including those on education, Swachh Bharat and Krishi Kalyan.
The total revenue generated from cesses and surcharges under direct tax was around 47,000 crores.
The amount generated from the cesses and surcharges under the indirect tax category stood at around one lakh 88,000 crore rupees in 2016-17.
In the 2015-16 Budget, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had proposed to levy a Swachh Bharat cess of up to 2% on all or certain services, if need arises.