Current Affairs Oct 2017 - Environment
1 - Environment Ministry inaugurated the Global Wildlife Program
Environment Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan inaugurated the Global Wildlife Program on Gandhi Jayanti. The theme of the Conference was - “Peoples’ participation in wildlife conservation”. India hosted the program jointly with World Bank and United Nations Development Program to address illegal wildlife trade across 19 Asian and African countries. 15-year National Wildlife Action Plan (2017-31), with a special focus on peoples’ participation was launched.
The GWP held discussions on management of wildlife habitat, securing sustainable community livelihood, enhancing enforcement, monitoring, cooperation to reduce wildlife crimes such as poaching and related threats.
2 - India and Nepal to conduct first joint tiger count
It has been for the first time that India and Nepal will unanimously conduct tiger census in various national parks, forests and sanctuaries in Nepal and those in India adjoining Nepal using the globally recognized method and same camera tapping method. Nepalese and Indian conservation officials and experts would capture tiger movements in tiger habitats as well as their roaming areas.
This practice will help in avoiding re-counting of same tigers. Tiger is categorized as an Endangered Animal, and the same was declared in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species.
3 - Turtle Sanctuary to be set up in Allahabad
In order to protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from escalating anthropogenic pressures, development of a Turtle sanctuary in Allahabad along with a River Biodiversity Park at Sangam have been approved under Namami Gange program.
The project at an estimated cost of Rs 1.34 crore would include development of River Biodiversity Park at Sangam, establishment of a Turtle Rearing and awareness about the importance of river Ganga. This project will provide much-needed platform to make the visitors aware of their place in the ecosystem, their roles and responsibilities.
4 - Hemidactylus Kangerensis new gecko species discovered in Eastern Ghats
Scientists discovered new species of house lizards. It is named as Hemidactylus kangerensis, found in Chhattisgarh’s Kanger valley rock. It is named after Chhattisgarh’s Kanger Ghati National Park. According to the researchers, Hemidactylus was found in abandoned houses in the national park and juveniles on termite mounds and tree trunks.
Hemidactylus kangerensis has distinct features such as specific scales on its thighs (which are visible only on closer inspection) and black bordered beige bands.
5 - Ichthyosaur fossil discovered for first time in India
A team of scientists in India led by Prof Guntupalli VR Prasad has discovered a 152 million year-old fossil of an ichthyosaur, which is said to be an extinct marine reptile in the western state of Gujarat.
It is for the first time an ichthyosaur fossil has been discovered in India. It was found inside rocks from the Mesozoic Era, which ran between 252 and 66 million years ago, in the Kutch desert. Only parts of the skull and tailbones were found to be missing. The name means fish-lizard, although the creature has been classified as a reptile since the mid-19th Century.